You can find out the following pieces of information from this blog:
- What is periodontitis?
- How does it develop and what harmful effects does it have?
- How can you recognise it?
- Shall we just forget about smiling and laughing confidently?
What is periodontitis?
This parodontium disease damages the gum and the jaw bone with the help of the bacteria that the plaque and tartar contain. If not treated, it leads to gum and bone recession, bad breath and tooth loss. The disease can be symptom-free as well and that is why it is also called the ‘Silent Killer’.
As a result of the ‘Silent Killer’ the remaining teeth have to be extracted as there has bone left that could hold them.
If the bone loss is severe even dentures cannot be worn.s
Periodontitis has several forms which you can find out here.
Stages of periodontal dum disease
2. Gingivitis: Gingivitis makes the gum red and swollen. Because of this the gum starts to bleed more easily. Gingivitis is caused by inadequate oral hygiene but it can be reversed by proper medical treatment and good oral home care.
3. Peridontal pocket: Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.
4.Periodontitis: At this stage bone and gum loss are very large. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
How does periodontitis develop and how does it do the damage?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused by the plaque that stuck between the teeth and the gum. It is good to know that plaque and tartar can only develop in parts that are not visible.
Sometimes the gum can be swollen, inflamed or bleeding without a reason. The breath is bad and the gum starts to recede.
Seldom gum bleeding or swelling can make people think that they accidentally hurt their gum while eating or tooth brushing and bad breath may be the reason for skipping tooth brushing in the morning.
In brief, people do not notice these signs though it can result in tooth loss within years - either naturally or by dental intervention to receive stable tooth replacement.
Do not be one of them. Be careful and if you have any problems do not hesitate to take action.
How can I recognise periodontitis?
The first sign of periodontitis:
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums or other pain in your mouth
- Soft gum bleeding while brushing, flossing, or when chewing hard foods (eg. apple, bread crust)
- Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before (the cause can also be a too strong toothbrush or brushing the teeth too strong)
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pockets appear between your gums and teeth (pockets are sites where the attachment has been gradually destroyed by collagen-destroying enzymes, known as 'collagenases')
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- Constant metallic taste in your mouth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
If you experience one of these mild symptoms it is likely that you have periodontitis disease.
Shall we just forget about smiling and laughing confidently?
Unfortunately, most of the time we only recognize the problem when it is not possible to save the teeth anymore. As a result of partial or full tooth loss we start to smile less and less which leads to constant frustration and feeling ashamed.
The greatest disadvantage of periodontitis parodontium disease is not that one might end up with losing all their teeth but the fact that it takes away the self-confidence, enjoyment of being with company and the joy of and eating.
There are many way to replace the lost teeth, however, it is not always assured that we chose the method that will be a long term solution.